- The ability to deploy a VMware PAYG vApp or VM is only available to users with the Administrator or Author role.
- VMs created in vCloud PAYG can also be viewed in the Compute Overview Page of CloudCreator. See Compute.
- It may take 20 minutes or more before a new VM is available for Scheduled Actions in CloudCreator.
VMware vCloud Director uses the concept of vApps. This is an administrative grouping of VMs that make up an application’s server infrastructure.
A vApp can contain one or more VMs, which can be configured to start and stop in a certain order. In reality, many vApps are likely to contain a single VM.
- Create a Virtual Machine From a Template
- Create/Deploy a New Blank vApp
- Modify vApp Startup Behaviour
- Make a VM or vApp Visible to Other Users
- Modify VM Settings
- View VM Details and Enable Backup and Recovery in CloudCreator
In the vCloud Director portal, VMs can be created from a template, or as a new VM. Follow these steps:
1. From the vCloud Director portal, select VDC > Virtual Machines tab > New VM.
2. The New VM screen displays. Use the table below to complete the fields. Examples of the screens also appear below.
What to Enter
Add a name for your VM.
Select either From Template, or New, then:
Use Custom Storage Policy
Tick this option to change the deployment from the default storage policy.
Example - Selecting a new VM 'From Template':
Example - Selecting a New VM:
3. Click OK to confirm. The VM will display as a new tile in the vCloud Director portal. This may take a few minutes, depending on the size of the VM.
4. You can view the task status in the Recent Tasks bar at the bottom of your screen.
5. On the VM tile, click Actions to either Start, Suspend or Stop the VM.
- VMs created in vCloud PAYG can also be viewed in the Compute Overview Page of CloudCreator.
- It may take 20 minutes or more before the VM is available for Scheduled Actions in CloudCreator.
To create or deploy a new blank vApp, follow these steps:
1. From the vCloud Director portal, select VDC > vApps > New > New VAPP.
2. The New vApp screen appears. From here you can build new VMs. Add a vApp name and description (optional). Click Create.
3. To add additional VMs, select Actions on the vAPP. Then select Add VM.
4. In the Add VMs to vApp screen, select Add Virtual Machine.
5. The New VM screen appears. Complete the fields and click OK. For more information about the options on this screen, refer to Create a Virtual Machine From a Template above.
6. The Add VMs to vApp displays again, showing the details of the VM to be added to the vApp. Click Add to confirm.
7. A vApp deployment notification will appear. You can view the task status in the Recent Tasks bar at the bottom of your screen. The deployment may take a few minutes, depending on the size of the vApp.
8. On the vApp tile, click Actions to perform the available operations on the vApp.
To modify the startup behaview of a vApp follow these steps:
1. From a vApp tile, select Details.
2. On the Details screen, scroll down to the Start and Stop section. Select Edit > required action > OK.
By default, a VM or vApp is only visible to users with Administrator level privileges. To make them visible to other users, follow these steps:
1. From a vApp tile, select Details.
2. Scroll down to the Sharing section and click edit.
3. In the Users and groups with no access column, select a member name. Their name will appear in the Users and groups with access column. Select the Access Level and click Share.
A vApp or VM's hardware can be modified in the same way as setting the hardware configuration during the initial deployment.
Follow the steps below to:
- Modify a VMs hardware configuration from the standard configuration in the source template.
- Reset the VM password.
- Logon to a console session.
- Depending on the operating system, in order for a reboot to take effect, some or all of the hardware configuration changes may require the VM to be in a shutdown (power off) state.
- Certain fields eg. Memory/Disk sizes, provide only a limited list of values in the drop-down list. These can be overtyped if the required value is not listed.
1. From the vCloud Director portal, select a VDC > Virtual Machines tab > Details.
2. Select the Hardware section. Here you can:
- Edit CPU and RAM.
- Add Disks and NICs to VM's as required.
- Resize disks.
Note: Various Bus Types can be selected for disks. The dropdown lists for RAM / Disk have limited options, but can be over-typed if the required value is not listed.
3. By editing NIC's, you can:
- Add or configure network and various adapters.
- Add or configure IP allocation methods.
- Reset MAC addresses.
4. To reset the VM password, select Guest OS Customisation > Edit.
5. Complete the fields as follows:
- Tick the Enable guest customisation box.
- Set the local administrator password as required.
- Click Save to confirm.
6. To restart the VM, on the VM console, select Actions > Power On.
Note: It may take a few minutes for the startup to be actioned while the VM completes the customisation and hardware changes.
7. You can view the status of the VM in the Recent Tasks bar at the bottom of your screen. You may need to refresh the webpage to view the completed status.
8. Once completed, a VM Console is displayed for each VM in the vApp. Click VM console to open a console session.
VM console access is only used when network connectivity is not available, for example during the initial configuration or when troubleshooting in certain circumstances. For normal use a standard RDP session is recommended.
9. The buttons on the top of the console session provide Ctrl-Alt-Delete and Keyboard Layout options.
10. Click Ctrl+Alt+Del and log on using the administrator password set during deployment. If the password was auto-generated, this can be checked by opening the VM's properties. This initial deployment password is visible to anyone with the appropriate permissions to the VM. The password can be changed to a user defined one within the operating system.